Friday, May 8, 2020

Today About Using the Future Tense in Spanish

Using the Future Tense in Spanish

Forming the Future Tense

Nearly every Spanish verb forms its future tense by adding the endings -é, -ás, -á, emos , -éis, -án to the infinitive (-ar, -er, or -ir form of the verb). Exceptions are thoroughly explained and put into practice in my classes.

Irregular Future Tense Verbs

While the endings remain consistent, some Spanish verbs have irregular future verb stems. (The verb stem is what you get when you chop off the -ar, -er, and -ir endings.) Some (caber, haber, poder, saber) drop the -e of the infinitive ending. Others (poner, sal****ir__, tener, valer, venir) replace the -e or -i of the infinitive ending with -d. Still others (decir, hacer, querrer) follow no particular pattern and must be memorized. 

Irregular future stem verbs

Talking About the Future in Spanish

Spanish uses the future tense in the following ways:
  • To talk about future events. In Spanish (as in English) the future tense is used to convey an action or state of being that will occur at some time in the future:
Lo haré. I will do it.
Iremos al campo el mes que viene. We will go to the country next month.
  • To express conjecture or probability regarding the present:
¿Qué hora será? I wonder what time it is.
¿Cómo estarán mis hijos? I wonder how my children are doing.
Tendrá muchos amigos. He must have many friends.
**¿**Habrán llegado? Do you suppose they have arrived?
  • In an indirect quotation:
María dice que vendrá mañana. Mary says that she will come tomorrow.
  • In the main clause of sentences where the present subjunctive follows a conjunction of time (cuando, después (de) que, en cuanto, hasta que, and tan pronto como):
Cuando pase la tormenta iremos a tu casa. When the storm stops, we will go to your house.
Estaremos aquí hasta que nos aburramos. We will be here until we get bored.
  • To state a strong command:
Comerás las zanahorias. You will eat your vegetables.

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