Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive. Would You Like To Get Fluent In Spanish?
The present perfect subjunctive (el pretérito perfecto desubjuntivo) is used to describe past actions that are connected to the present, as well as actions that will have happened by a certain point in the future.
Forming the Present Perfect Subjunctive
The present perfect subjunctive is a combination of the present subjunctive of the verb haber
The present perfect subjunctive is formed as follows:
Present Perfect Subjunctive Formula
present subjunctive of haber + past participle
Here's how to form haber in the present subjunctive.
Haber in the Present Subjunctive
él, ella, usted
ellos, ellas, ustedes
Present Perfect Subjunctive Uses
The present perfect subjunctive is used to talk about past actions connected to the present, as well as actions that will have been completed in the future. Certain words and phrases, such as those expressing emotions and desires, trigger the use of the present perfect subjunctive.
1. Past Actions Connected to the Present
The present perfect subjunctive can be used to talk about actions that happened in the past but are relevant in the present. It's very common to see it used to talk about things that just happened.
Mi profesor duda que yohaya leídoel libro.
My professor doubts that I have read the book.
Me asusto de que usted mehaya llamado.
I am shocked that you called me.
Es bueno quehayamos hablado.
It is good that we talked.
Me asusto de que ellasno hayan bailadobien.
I am shocked that they didn't dance well.
Lamentamos que ellano haya podidovenir a la fiesta.
We regret that she was unable to come to the party.
2. Actions That Will Have Been Completed in the Future
The present perfect subjunctive is also used to talk about things that are expected to be done by a point in the future.
Quiero quehayáis escrito5 páginas para el lunes.
I want you to have written 5 pages by Monday.
Es posible que ustedeshayan vueltopara marzo.
It is possible that you will have returned by March.