Thursday, April 30, 2020

Past Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish!! Advanced Stuff!


The pluperfect subjunctive (pretérito pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo) is used after specific verbs and expressions of doubt, wishes, hopes, personal opinions or feelings. It expresses actions that took place before a specific past time or that would have taken place under different conditions.
Learn about the conjugation and usage of the pluperfect subjunctive in Spanish grammar with Lingolia’s grammar rules and exercises. See indicative tenses for information about pluperfect indicative and tense comparison for the difference between the indicative and subjunctive mood in Spanish grammar.

Example

Me extrañó mucho que me hubieras mandado una postal de la Cordillera Cantábrica. Probablemente, me hubiera encantado la visita a la región. ¿Te imaginas qué hubiéramos visto lobos ibéricos?
Si me lo hubieras dicho antes, habría ido contigo

Usage

The subjunctive is used after specific expressions of wishes, hopes doubt, feeling or personal opinion. We use the past perfect subjunctive in the following cases:
  • in dependent clauses after certain expressions, when the subjunctive action had already taken place beforehand
    Example:
    Me extrañó mucho que me hubieras mandado una postal de la Cordillera Cantábrica.
  • action that could/would have taken place in the past (but did not take place)
    Example:
    Probablemente, me hubiera encantado la visita a la región.
    ¿Te imaginas qué hubiéramos visto lobos ibéricos?
  • in conditional clause type III si-clauses (unreal condition in the past)
  • Example:
    Si me lo hubieras dicho antes, habría ido contigo.

    Dependent Clauses

    We can only use the past perfect subjunctive (pretérito pluscuamperfecto subjuntivo) in a dependent clause when the verb in the main clause is in one of the following tenses.


    tense
    main clause
    dependent clause
    preterite
    Me alegró…

    (de) que hubiera venido.
    conditional
    Seguro que me alegraría
    conditional perfect
    Seguro que me habría alegrado

    personhaberparticiple
    yohubiera/hubiese
    hablado
    aprendido
    vivido
    hubieras/hubieses
    él/ella/ustedhubiera/hubiese
    nosotros/-ashubiéramos/hubiésemos
    vosotros/-ashubierais/hubieseis
    ellos/ellas/ustedeshubieran/hubiesen


    Past Participle

    We construct the past participle by removing the infinitive ending and adding the corresponding participle ending: -ado for -ar verbs or -ido for -er/-ir verbs.
    Example:
    hablar - hablado
    aprender - aprendido
    vivir - vivido

    Irregular past participles

    Some verbs have irregular participle forms. The most important irregular participle forms are listed in the table below:
    verbpast participletranslation
    abrirabiertoopen
    decirdichosay
    escribirescritowrite
    hacerhechodo/make
    imprimirimpresoprint
    morirmuertodie
    ponerpuestoset/place
    vervistosee
    volvervueltoreturn








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