Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Why and how adults can learn languages better than kids

10 Tips for Learning a Foreign Language as an Adult

While the U.S. is home to over 350 different languages, according to a report by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS), most Americans are monolingual. And this limitation can negatively impact individuals, U.S. companies, and even the country as a whole. 
For example, the AAAS notes that learning a second language improves cognitive ability, assists in learning other subjects, and delays some of the effects of aging.
Other findings include that up to 30% of U.S. companies have stated that they’ve missed business opportunities in foreign countries because they didn’t have in-house staff who spoke the dominant languages of those countries, and 40% stated they could not reach their international potential because of language barriers. However, one of the most striking and alarming examples of the importance of learning a foreign language happened at the onset of the 2004 avian flu epidemic. According to the AAAS, scientists in the U.S. and other English-speaking countries did not originally understand the magnitude of avian flu because they could not read the original research – which was written by Chinese researchers.
In fact, the report notes that just 200,000 U.S. students are studying Chinese compared to 300 to 400 million Chinese students who are studying English. And 66% of Europeans know at least one other language compared to just 20% of Americans.
Many European countries have national requirements that students must learn at least one foreign language by the age of 9, according to data from the Pew Research Center. In the U.S., school districts are typically allowed to set their own policies. As a result, the vast majority (89%) of American adults who know a foreign language say they learned it in their childhood home.

Learning Styles for Children

Children and adults learn foreign languages differently. Rosemary G. Feal, executive director of the Modern Language Association, says, “Children generally learn languages through games, songs, and repetition, and in an immersive environment, they often produce speech spontaneously.” And there’s a reason for that spontaneity. According to Katja Wilde, head of Didactics at Babbel, “Unlike adults, children are less aware of making mistakes and the associated embarrassment, and therefore, don't correct themselves.”

Learning Styles for Adults

However, Feal explains that with adults, studying the formal structures of the language is usually helpful. “Adults learn to conjugate verbs, and they benefit from grammatical explanations along with strategies such as repetition and memorizing key phrases.”
Adults also learn in a more conscious way, according to Wilde: “They have strong metalinguistic awareness, which children don’t have.” This means that adults reflect on the language they learn. "For example ‘Is this the best word to express what I want to say’ or ‘Did I use the correct grammar structure?’” Wilde explains.
And adults usually have different motivators. Wilde says that adults typically have specific reasons for learning a foreign language. “Better quality of life, self-improvement, career advancements, and other intangible benefits are usually the motivating factors." 
Some people believe that it's too late for adults to learn a new language, but Wilde disagrees. “Although children tend to be better at subconscious learning, or acquisition, adults tend to be better at learning, because they are able to process more complex thought processes.”
Try 10 tips for learning languages:
1) Know why you're doing it.
2) Find a partner.
3) Talk to yourself.
4) Keep it relevant.
5) Have fun with it.
6) Act like a child.
7) Leave your comfort zone.
8) Listen.
9) Watch people talk.
10) Dive in.
Feal also recommends other ways for adults to learn a foreign language, such as watching TV shows and film in the target language. “In addition, reading written materials of all kinds, engaging in interactive conversations on the web, and for those who can travel, an in-country experience, can help adults make meaningful progress.”
In addition to these tips, Wilde says that Babbel offers on-line courses that can be completed in bite-sized chunks, anytime and anywhere. Other sources for learning a new language include Learn A Language, Fluent in 3 Months, and DuoLingo.
College students can also take advantage of study abroad programs where they can learn new languages and new cultures.
There are several benefits to learning a new language. This type of skill can increase cognitive skills and lead to career opportunities - especially since multilingual employees can earn higher salaries. Learning new languages and cultures can also result in a more informed and diverse society. 

Monday, June 29, 2020

Spanish Vocabulary: La Playa

Let's Go To The Beach!!

Beach is Sun, Water, and Sand

To learn beach vocabulary in Spanish, it is useful to also learn some sentences that you can use with each word. This way, you acquire a practical use of each new word.
First, let's look at some words that have to do with the beach environment:
la playa (the beach, pronounced: la plah-yah)
la arena (the sand, pronounced: la ah-reh-nah)
el mar (the ocean, pronounced: el maar)
el sol (the sun, pronounced: el sohl)

What You Wear

To say 'In the beach, I wear...', this is the sentence in Spanish:
En la playa, yo me pongo... (pronounced: ehn la plah-yah yoh meh pohn-goh)
And this is the vocabulary you can use to complete the sentence:
gafas (sunglasses, pronounced: gah-fas)
bikini (bikini, pronounced: bee-kee-nee)
traje de baño (bathing suit, pronounced: trah-heh deh bah-nyo)
chancletas (flip flops, pronounced: chan-kleh-tas; note the 'ch' sounds like the start of 'cheese')
sandalias (sandals, pronounced: sun-dah-lee-ahs)
protector solar (sunscreen, pronounced: proh-tek-tor soh-lar)
sombrero (hat, pronounced: sohm-breh-roh)
For instance, to say 'At the beach, I wear sunglasses,' you would say En la playa, yo me pongo gafas.

What You Could Take

To say 'To the beach, I take...', this is the sentence in Spanish:
A la playa, yo llevo... (pronounced: ah la plah-yah yoh yeh-boh)
And this is the vocabulary you can use to complete the sentence:
una pelota (a ball, pronounced: oo-nah peh-loh-tah)
una hielera (a cooler, pronounced: oo-nah ee-eh-leh-rah)
un parasol (a beach umbrella, pronounced: oon pah-rah-sol)
una tabla de surfear (a surfboard, pronounced: oo-nah tah-blah deh soor-feh-ar)
una toalla (a towel, pronounced: oo-nah toh-ah-yah)
For instance, to say 'To the beach, I take a ball' you would say A la playa, yo llevo una pelota.

What You See

To say 'At the beach, I see...', this is the sentence in Spanish:
En la playa, yo veo... (pronounced: ehn la plah-yah yoh veh-oh)
And this is the vocabulary you can use to complete the sentence:
conchas (shells, pronounced: kohn-chas)
gaviotas (seagulls, pronounced: gah-vee-oh-tas)
castillos de arena (sandcastles, pronounced: kas-tee-yos deh ah-reh-nah)
olas (waves, pronounced: oh-las)
salvavidas (lifeguard, pronounced: sal-vah-vee-das)
For instance, to say 'At the beach, I see shells' you would say En la playa, yo veo conchas.

What You Do

To say 'When I go to the beach, I love to...', this is the sentence in Spanish:
Cuando voy a la playa, me encanta... (pronounced: koo-ahn-doh boy ah la plah-yah, meh ehn-kan-tah)
And this is the vocabulary you can use to complete the sentence:
nadar (to swim, pronounced: nah-dar)
broncearme (to tan, pronounced: brohn-seh-ar-meh)
hacer snorkeling (to do snorkeling, pronounced: ah-ser snorkeling- as the English word)
bucear (to dive, pronounced: boo-seh-ar)
leer un libro (to read a book, pronounced: leh-ehr oon lee-bro)

Monday, June 1, 2020


I believe in grammar, and I include it in my method. But let’s be honest. Studying Spanish grammar will not make you fluent. To reach a conversational level you need a complete course like the one provided in my classes. 
These days, it is popular in some circles to claim that there is no need to learn grammar. The thinking goes something like this:
  • I didn’t learn grammar as a child, and yet I still learned to speak. Therefore, I do not need to study grammar as an adult.
This sort of thinking ignores the fact that as an adult you have a higher mental capacity, and learning some grammar is easy and will be a big help to you.


For most people, the goal is not to become a grammar expert—the goal is to be able to speak Spanish conversationally. To do that, you need a complete conversation course.
With Costa Blanca Languages, by combining Spanish grammar exercises with real conversational practice, you will much more quickly reach a level where you can communicate effectively.
And for most people, communication is the primary goal. For others, it is passing an exam, and techniques to teach how to communicate effectively change depending on the case, but in my view grammar is always a useful tool to achieve higher goals.

Is Grammar Really Necessary to Learn a New Language?

Wednesday, May 27, 2020

DELE B2 - Prueba de Expresión e interacción orales.

20 Essential Skills and Qualities Every Teacher Needs. Book Your Free Class and Test Me!!

1. Enthusiasm

great teacher is enthusiastic about their job and lesson, and encourages students to share the same passion as they do. Think back to your favourite teacher at school – was this person always upbeat and entertaining? You need to possess that same excitement for your class!

2. Leadership

An effective teacher has the ability to lead and guide her classroom; she can manage a number of different personalities, including misbehaving children, and steer them into the right direction. She leads by example and is an important role model in her students’ lives.

3. Organisation

Teachers have to juggle a number of tasks, from lesson planning to activities and marking. In order to succeed in their role, they are required to have exceptional organisation skills. They need to be able to keep on top of these tasks and complete their duties in a timely manner.


A good teacher sets a respectful tone in her classroom. Students feel safe to share their values and opinions, and their classmates have learnt to be good listeners and respect others’ thoughts. Essentially, the educator has created a useful learning environment for her pupils.

5. Multitasking

Teaching is not only about following the curriculum and marking exams; it’s also about multitasking. A good teacher needs to have eyes on the back of her head and should be able to monitor all her pupils’ behaviour and keep their attention while completing her class. After the class, she’ll need to plan her following week, as well as create and mark tests and assignments.

6. Teamwork

Part of being a teacher is the ability to work as part of a team, as well as alone. They’ll need to make their students feel like they are part of a team to enhance the learning experience. Furthermore, they must network with fellow teachers to solve problems and create plans regarding the overall teaching scheme.

This is a given, but being a teacher is not just about the credentials you hold to educate others. You’ll need to have instructive skills, your own style of teaching and the ability to explain and demonstrate clearly so that concepts that are not easy to understand are simplified using memorable examples or props.

8. Communication

Teachers must have remarkable communication abilities. They must be able to interact with people of all ages, including colleagues, pupils, parents and managers. Educators should effectively deliver information, understand the different points of view from other people and explain the rationale for the choices they make in regards to their teaching.

9. Adaptability

Being adaptable to unforeseen situations is key; you never know what will happen in your classroom each day and you will need to handle each circumstance appropriately and come with quick solutions. For example, if one of your pupils is really sick or injures themselves, you’ll need to remain calm and come to the rescue.

Strong people skills can turn an average teacher into a successful one. An educator that is inclined towards helping others will create warm relationships that, in turn, boost learning. A pleasant teacher who has an engaging personality creates attentive and enthusiastic students. You will also be adept at handling students that may have learning difficulties or other disabilities that need special attention.

Teachers need creativity to keep students interested and engaged, especially children that are in primary school. You’ll need to find different ways to keep the class interested and attention levels high – this could be through roleplay or other fun learning activities.

12. Self-Evaluation

To develop professionally and provide quality education, you’ll constantly need to self-evaluate and reinvent yourself. You will have to push your pride aside and analyse where you have gone wrong and what can be improved within your classes.

Patience is key when working with children and teenagers; they won’t all be well-behaved and you’ll need to be understanding when kids start to act out. You will also need to be patient if a pupil doesn’t comprehend what you are saying – you must discover alternative ways to explain things.

14. Emotional Intelligence

If you’ve ever seen Matilda, think back to Miss Trunchbull and her erratic behaviour which made the young students fear for their lives. That’s neither beneficial for the pupils nor for yourself! However angry or upset you get, you need to have the ability to control your emotions and not let them get the better of you – otherwise, you too will turn into a complete wreck.

15. Empathy

If you are empathetic towards your students, they too will learn to handle their emotions and be compassionate towards each other. Proud to be Primary advises that building ‘healthy social-emotional skills in your students will benefit your class, as well as future classrooms. Classes cannot function well if classroom community standards aren’t discussed and encouraged’.

Teachers need to solve a number of different problems, often on a tight deadline. This frequently involves, answering difficult questions on the spot, solving conflicts, creating new lesson plans, teaching games and dealing with other personal issues between pupils or colleagues.

17. Confidence

You can’t be a teacher if you don’t have the confidence to stand at the front of the classroom and talk to your students. You have to be a strong character that can answer questions positively and instil the same self-assurance within your classroom.

18. Commitment

You can’t stroll into your classroom when you feel like it and take a personal day because you just can’t be bothered. If you want to be a good educator, you must be committed to your job and your classroom. You need to have the passion to teach and change your pupils’ lives for the better.

19. A Sense of Humour

This isn’t strictly a skill; you either have a sense of humour or you don’t – but having one is super useful if you want to engage with your students. You should be able to have a laugh with them and make the lesson as fun as possible – and students that are happy tend to be more open to learning!

Being approachable is a vital quality to have. Your students need to feel comfortable to ask you questions and to talk to you if they have an issue. They shouldn’t be afraid of failure or saying the wrong thing. Great teachers have warming characters that invite children to open up and get involved in the lesson.

     Teaching comes quite naturally to some who are born leaders, yet others have      to work hard to achieve ‘great teacher’ status. Whichever category you fall            into,  if you want to help young students and make a lasting impression, these      top skills and qualities can place you at a great advantage.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

¡¡Hoy Ejercicios Nivel Avanzado!! ¡Inténtalo!

Complete con el verbo entre paréntesis en el tiempo adecuado de indicativo o subjuntivo:

1. En julio de 1970 (nacer)  nuestro primer hijo.
2. Juan antes (ser)  más deportista que ahora.
3. Tan pronto como (llegar, yo)  a casa, le llamé.
4. Os llevaré con el coche por donde me (indicar, vosotros)  .
5. En cuanto lo (averiguar, yo)  avisé a la policía.
6. Se lo diré según yo lo (entender)  .
7. Conozco a un chico que (saber)  pilotar aviones.
8. Necesito una secretaria que (hablar)  inglés y francés.
9. No he visto una persona que (gritar)  más a sus hijos.
10. Tengo una empleada que (entender)  bien el ruso.
11. No hay una ciudad que (ser)  más alegre que ésta.
12. Quiero que (venir, tú)  inmediatamente.
13. No creyó que (tener, él)  razón.
14. Me molestaba que ella siempre (llegar)  tarde.
15. Me ordenó que (traer)  yo el informe.

Cambie el infinitivo por el mismo verbo en indicativo o subjuntivo:

16. Dice saberlo todo. -> Dice que lo  todo.
17. Me ordenó salir. -> Me ordenó que  .
18. Oí a Juan entrar. -> Oí que Juan  .
19. No veía caer la nieve. -> No veía que la nieve  .
20. Te prohíbo fumar. -> Te prohíbo que  .
21. No te prometo volver pronto. -> No te prometo que  pronto.
22. Creo conocer a ese hombre. -> Creo que  a ese hombre.
23. Me pidió volver antes. -> Me pidió que  antes.
24. Nos impiden salir. -> No impiden que  .
25. Dijo estar en lo cierto. -> Dijo que  en lo cierto.

Cambie el gerundio, participio o infinitivo por una oración subordinada con conectores (cuando, aunque, si, etc.)

26. De haber salido antes, habríamos llegado a tiempo. -> 
27. Al verle, me di cuenta de que estaba muy delgado. -> 
28. Aun siendo tan guapa, no encuentra novio. -> 
29. Perdiste la oportunidad por ser tan desconfiado. -> 
30. Terminadas las clases, los alumnos bajaron al bar. -> 

Sustituya las expresiones en cursiva por alguna de las palabras siguientes:

delgado, admirado, harto, antiguo, fácil, empapado, intención, tonto, prescindible, rojo

31. Estoy hasta las narices-> 
32. Se quedó con la boca abierta. -> 
33. Eso es pan comido-> 
34. Está como un fideo-> 
35. Eso es del año de la pera. -> 
36. Se puso como una sopa. -> 
37. Lo dijo con mala uva. -> 
38. Se puso como un tomate-> 
39. Eres un melón. -> 
40. Es un cero a la izquierda. ->